Within analysis, decimal parameters are exhibited in terms of mean and you may practical deviation and stratified details with regards to number and you will rates. T-take to was applied to compare the newest setting and you may logistic regression investigation was utilized to check on this new separate details in postpartum despair. 05.
step three. Overall performance
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The content linked to a portion of the parameters including prepregnancy loads, body mass index, the next http://datingranking.net/local-hookup/lloydminster/ and you may 3rd trimester gaining weight, and type and complete weight gain during pregnancy were as well as mathematically reviewed. Determine them, the brand new analytical sample regarding logistic regression was utilized so there try a significant matchmaking between despair and you will weight gain of your 3rd trimester (Or = 1.17).
Depending on the number needed from the IOM to possess regular and heavy expecting mothers, weight transform have been divided into 3 communities: inadequate, enough, and you will too-much, and its connection with despair was examined from the logistic regression attempt and this don’t inform you people high matchmaking (Table dos). Due to the fact earnings are rather different anywhere between disheartened and nondepressed teams, the relationship ranging from anxiety and all weight variables are remeasured that have modified effect of earnings and once again only the 3rd trimester pounds get had extreme reference to anxiety considering the effectation of earnings (Otherwise step 1.17, 95%CI step one.04-step 1.32) (Dining table step three).
Because the found in the present research, there can be zero matchmaking between initially lbs and you will initial Body mass index while the well while the sort of Bmi (regular or over weight) and you may PPD. Facts revealed that feamales in gestational months has reached the greater risk of despair and you will research shows a love anywhere between carrying excess fat and you may despair inside pregnant and you will nonpregnant ladies and you may figured indeed there is actually a dosage-impulse relationship between the rise in top Body mass index as well as the increased threat of despair during pregnancy and postpartum .
In the current study, 33% away from moms and dads which have normal Bmi and you can 30.4% away from over weight women that are pregnant got positive results regarding PPD testing, although the a couple communities did not have a change inside postpartum despair.
In line with our conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) revealed that new incidence out-of PPD periods in women with regular Bmi is 22.8 ± step one.2% plus it is actually 31.8% ± dos.5% inside heavy female however in an innovative new data, certainly 245 pregnant women with regular weight in pregnancy, 7.8% about 6-2 months immediately after beginning had despair . I hypothesized that the a great deal more Bmi at the beginning of pregnancy was, more perhaps the mom will be to sense PPD however, the info didn’t secure the theory. Fox and you will Yamaguchi (1997) concluded that when comparing to prepregnancy typical lbs ladies, obese lady was indeed likely to provides confident look at about their muscles photo and you will gaining weight during pregnancy and also the costs out of experience PPD was comparable on a few teams .